After introduction into Asian countries, J. curcas has spread very rapidly, and due to its ethnobotanical uses, promotion as an ornamental and hedge plant encouraged its further spread. Flowers, stems and leaves have medicinal properties. Fieldiana: Botany 24, VI (Chicago Natural History Museum), Stevens PF, 2012. It is very profitable crop. USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. Curcas adansonii Endl. Hydrocarbon producing and rubber producing crops: Evaluation of United States plant species. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 DOI:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Das Pflanzenreich IV, Leipzig, Germany: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 147(42):1-148, Persinos GJ, Quimby MW, Schermerhorn JW, 1964. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. by Witt A, Luke Q]. Flora of the Galapagos Islands. ; 13 ref, Agriculture Handbook 165, 1960. London, UK: Chapman and Hall, 135-149, Pax F, 1910. It is best adapted to arid and semi-arid conditions. American purging nut, Barbados nut, Barbados purging nut, bed bug plant, big purge nut, black vomit nut, Brazilian stinging nut, Cuban physic nut, curcas bean, hell oil, physic nut, purge nut, purging nut, purging nut tree, tuba Fruit development needs 90 days from flowering to seed maturation. Res. Incidence of leaf miner on Jatropha curcas - a bio diesel plant in Secunderabad. Burkill (1966) assumes that the Portuguese brought it to Asia, but suggests that it may not have reached Malacca, Indonesia until the Dutch were in possession, for the Malays call it by a name meaning ‘Dutch castor oil’. Washington, USA: USGPO, Ahmedullah M, Nayar MP, 1987. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Agaceta LM, Dumag PU, Atolos JA, Bandiola FC, 1981. 190 pp. Physic nut (Jatropha curcas). Aponte CH, 1978. Curcas lobata Splitg. Stockholm, Sweden: Impensis Laurentii Salvii, 1006-1007, Little EL Jr, Woodbury RO, Wadsworth FH, 1974. 74, Droit S, 1932. J. curcas also yields a dye which is used to give tan and brown shades and can also be used for making ink. The Northern Territory Noxious Weeds Act. File size: 22812 bytes - Views: 216 In Thailand, a stem length of 1 m was reached after 5 months growth when sown in May (Sukarin et al., 1987). Revista Brasileira de Oleaginosas e Fibrosas, 8(1):789-799, Banerji R, Chowdhury AR, Misra G, Sudarsanam G, Verma SC, Srivastava GS, 1985. Characteristics of physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. as a new biomass crop in the tropics. Indian Forester, 129(8):939-949, Kiefer J, 1986. Plants will self-seed and have the potential to spread. Indian Phytopathology, 54(2):275, Sharma TK, 2006. (RTflexions sur les cultures olTagineuses TnergTtiques. World Checklist of Euphorbiaceae., Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. One species, J. villosa, is of Indian origin (Ahmedullah and Nayar, 1987). In: Tropicos database, St. Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. It is also very drought tolerant and can withstand slight frost (Orwa et al., 2009). Tropicos database. Current Science, 91(2):162-163. http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci, Chivandi E, Kachigunda B, Fushai F, 2005. Fruits 3 to 4cm, globuse, yellowish green. Pandey et al. Bull. http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Crothers M, 1998. Handbook 449. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. by Govil J N, Pandey J, Shivakumar B G, Singh V K]. It can be cultivate in stony, gradient sandy oil and in the land of tiny deepness. The latex has antimicrobial properties (Thomas, 1989). Recommendations on control of the related J. gossypiifolia suggest that individual or scattered mature plants can be treated with a cut stump application of diesel fuel or a registered herbicide, whereas larger infestations should be treated with suitable foliar or soil-applied herbicides (Pitt, 1999). Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 where it is easily grown in dry to medium well-drained soils in full sun. Goswami, 2006 and other chapters in the same book). UniversitT de Paris, FacultT de Pharmacie, Paris, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2007. Preparations of all parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine as a laxative, emetic, cough treatment, and for healing wounds (Crothers, 1998; Heller, 1996), as a purgative and styptic, for toothache and strengthens gums, and to treat diarrhoea. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Japan Agric. Workshop Petrocrops. There is a possibility of further introduction and cultivation as a fuel crop. Oudhia P, Tripathi R S, 2002. A number of studies have identified significant differences in oil yield from different provinces in Indian states. Hamburg, Germany: Dr. Kovac, Heller J, 1996. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Jatropha curcas - an undemanding plant for biodiesel production: nut-oil to biodiesel. Implementation of contour vegetation barriers under farmer conditions in Burkina Faso and Mali. ), 94(1):65-82, Heller J, 1992. McVaugh (1945) considered J. yucatanensis to be a synonym of J. curcas. GeneticsJ. Invasiveness risk of the tropical biofuel crop Jatropha curcas L. into adjacent land use systems: from the rumors to the experimental facts. Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Griseb., subg. Guide to Plants Tolerant of Arid and Semi-arid Conditions: Nomenclature and Potential Uses. Beitr. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. In: Caribbean Alien Invasive Species Network (CIASNET), 12 pp. http://plants.usda.gov, USDA-NRCS, 2015. Rev. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Both flower sexes open synchronously, and the sexual system facilitates geitonogamy and xenogamy. Tropicos database. Livestock also assist in the spread through the movement of seed and aid in establishment by the selective grazing of other more palatable but competitive species (Pitt, 1999). Jatropha Curcas or Ratanjot, Van Erand, Moghal Erand offers great hope of being developed as a rich source of Biodiesel. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Grierson AJC, Long DG, 1987. Curcas (Adans.) Vegetative growth occurs mainly in the rainy season, with little increment in the dry season, and like many other Jatropha species, J. curcas is a succulent that sheds its leaves during the dry season.Environmental Requirements Curcas curcas publ Curcas drastica Mart. Medicinal plants of Bombay Presidency., 250 + xxix pp. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Francis G, Edinger R, Becker K, 2005. Assessing the invasive potential of biofuel species proposed for Florida and the United States using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. (2015) have observed dispersal by small mammals and arthropods, particularly rodents and ants, and state that up to 98% secondary dispersal by animals was recorded at some sites. Tolerates drought. - Now pan tropic. Species plantarum. It should be noted that all plant parts of J. curcas are poisonous, thus extreme caution should be observed when using the plant for any internal use. 1. Soon after development of the first true leaves, the cotyledons wither and fall off. Higher plants as possible source of petroleum substitutes. Jatropha curcas L. Family Name: Euphorbiaceae: Common Name: ... Common Names: Classifications and Characteristics. Positive (inhibitory) allelopathic effects of some obnoxious weeds on germination and seedling vigour of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.). Plant Division: Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon) Plant Growth Form: Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub: Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial: Mode of Nutrition: http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf, Krauss U, 2012. Projet PourghFre DNHE - GTZ, Bamako, Mali, Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL, 1979. Jatropha curcas (jatropha); leaves and flowers. Technical Paper - South Pacific Commission, No. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez (2015), Australia, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (2008), Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/nus/pdf/PUBLICATION/LKCNH%20Museum%20Books/LKCNHM%20Books/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, Negussie A, Achten WMJ, Aerts R, Norgrove L, Sinkala T, Hermy M, Muys B, 2013. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), No.31:105-112, Spaan W, Bodnár F, Idoe O, De Graaff J, 2004. Utilizatao do oleo de Purgueira como combustfvel (Nota preliminar). Endemic plants of Indian origin, Vol. Curcas ; Common Name: Barbados nut, physic nut Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss. J. curcas is a shrub or treelet, 2-5 m tall, with watery latex; bark smooth; branches glaucous-gray, glabrous, sparsely lenticellate, pith larger. In: Proc. Manufacturers of Jatropha Crop,It's the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37%. (2003) and Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2012) also reported J. curcas as introduced in the Caribbean. by Garland T, Barr AC] Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 554-558, Martin G, Mayeux A, 1984. [English title not available]. Lifecycle and rearing of the shield-backed bug Pachycoris klugii in Nicaragua (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Jatropha acerifolia Salisb. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp, Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL, 1979. Diploma thesis, University Veracruz, Xalapa Enriquez, Veracruz, Mexico, Arruda FPde, Beltrão NEde M, Andrade APde, Pereira WE, Severino LS, 2004. Base de dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora (National database of exotic invasive species). Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England. Stanford, USA: Stanford University Press, Wiggins IL, Porter DM, 1971. Jatropha curcas L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Jatropha (family Euphorbiaceae). Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Flora of the Galapagos Islands. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Male flowers: sepals 5, approximately 4 mm, connate at base; petals oblong, green-yellow, approximately 6 mm, connate to middle, hairy inside; disk glands 5, nearly terete; stamens 10; outer 5 filaments free, inner filaments connate in lower part. Native Habitat: It's cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world.Full sun, well drained Soils but grows on almost any soil, such as sandy-saline. PhD. The presence of this weed in bunds and wastelands creates an obstruction to the movement of livestock, and cases of poisoning among cattle are also common. II. Insect pests of Jatropha curcas L. and the potential for their management. Cakes remaining after pressing can be further used for producing biogas and fertilizers. Bur. curcas is a diploid species with 2n = 22 chromosomes (Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003). Jatropha curcas. Pods mature to yellow-red before splitting open to release seeds. Curcas (Adans.) 2:12pp, Sieg K, 2007. Pharmacognostic studies on 'Dravanti'. Bongali-botora, Bhenda, Salika Kund, Bongali-era, Bongali-bhotora ... Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. [ed. Registered, selective herbicides for on-ground application of J. gossypiifolia in Australia are metsulfuron-methyl and fluroxypyr. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 169-178, Burkill IH, 1966. It grows on well-drained soils with good aeration and is well-adapted to marginal soils with low nutrient content, including saline or sodic and alkaline soils. Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav.. Curcas adansonii Endl.. Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp.. Curcas drastica Mart.. Curcas indica A.Rich.. Curcas lobata Splitg. Need for generating baseline data for monitoring insecticide resistance in leaf webber cum fruit borer, Pempelia morosalis (Saalm Uller), the key pest of biofuel crop, Jatropha curcas. Dehra Dun, India, 142-150, McVaugh R, 1945. Indian Acad. Biological Invasions. It contains approximately 170 species of succulent plants, shrubs and trees (some are deciduous, like Jatropha curcas). by Raghu et al. Pl. A new record of Pestalotiopsis versicolor on the leaves of Jatropha curcas. - Very common in and about towns, in thickets and hedges along roadsides throughout the Philippines. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. by Flora of China Editorial Committee]. Flower visitors include bees and flies which affect geitonogamy and xenogamy, and ants and thrips which affect only geitonogamy. The PLANTS Database. Place and role of trees. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Insect pests on bio-diesel plant, Jatropha curcas. Naturally, capsules split open when ripe to eject seeds some distance, though gravity may be more important on sloped sites. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. New Crops for Food and Industry. Plants of Tonga. http://www.tropicos.org/. Guam: University of Guam. In the West Indies, J. curcas appears in herbarium collection made in 1865 in Trinidad and Tobago, 1881 in Dominica, 1885 in Puerto Rico and 1893 in Guadeloupe (US National Herbarium). Swarbrick J T, 1997. Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp. Torrey Bot. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry, 18(2):75-81. http://faculty.etsu.edu/goyal/journals/ijab/index.html, Lindley J, 1921. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of India., Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Recherches sur la graine et l'huile de PurghFre ou Pignon d'Inde (Jatropha curcas L.). PAC Occasional Paper - Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No. and Phoma sp. Improved livelihoods and environmental protection through biodiesel plantations in Asia. The rapid spread of J. curcas in natural forests is a problem in many areas through damaging the natural flora. Genus: Jatropha L. Jatropha curcas L. This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. 132 pp. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. The areas where it has been collected in the centre of origin show average annual temperatures well above 20°C and up to 28°C, although mean temperatures of collection sites range from 11°C to 28°C. It was, however, noted to withstand occasional light frost in the Chã das Caldeiras, Fogo, Cape Verde islands at approximately 1700 m altitude (Kiefer, 1986) where grapevines and apples can also be found. The introduction of a vigorous pasture in suitable areas will assist in controlling the rate of spread of Jatropha (Pitt, 1999). Hierarchical cluster analysis of 77 New World Jatropha species showed for the most part concordance with Dehgan and Webster's (1979) infrageneric classification (Dehgan and Schutzman, 1994). In India, J. curcas is devastated by the scutellarid Scutellera nobilis [S. perplexa], which is an emerging problem that causes flower fall, fruit abortion and seed malformation. In: Proc. The oil extracted from the seeds of Jatropha is known as Biodiesel. Curcas adansonii Endl; Curcas curcas (L.) Britt. Workshop Petrocrops. Its usefulness has been challenged, but it is true the plant can produce seeds with an oil content of 37%. Other common names: Purge nut, Curcas bean, Barbados nut. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden, Grimm C, Fnhrer E, 1998. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf. De L.C. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2008. Height: 15-20 feet. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165, Anon, 2007. (O valor da purgueira na economia de Cabo Verde.). http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Stone BC, 1970. Insufficient evidence of Jatropha curcas L. invasiveness: experimental observations in Burkina Faso, West Africa. ex Lanj. Untersuchungen nber genotypische Eigenschaften und Vermehrungs-und Anbauverfahren bei der Purgiernu¯ (Jatropha curcas L.) [Studies on genotypic characteristics and propagation and cultivation methods for physic nuts (Jatropha curcas L.)]. Negussie et al. The by-products are press … Current distribution confirms that introduction has been most successful in similar dry regions of the tropics with an average annual rainfall of between 300 and 1000 mm, though will tolerate higher rainfall areas up to 2000 mm with extended dry seasons, and it has reported survived years without any rainfall in Cape Verde (Münch, 1986). Bur. Wallingford, UK: CABI. The Plants Database includes the following 14 species of Jatropha . Flora of Bhutan including a Record of Plants from Sikkim., 1 (3) Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden. These three species can be distinguished by the following differences: Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Corografia Cabo-Verdiana ou Descripcao Geographico -Historica da Provincia das Ilhas de Cabo-Verde e Guine. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, +kologie, Anbau. The latex has antibiotic properties against certain bacteria and coagulating effects on … This was photographed at Village Chowk, Panvel. Renewable Energy Res. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax; Jatropha curcas var. Ovipositional and adult repellent action of some vegetable oils/extracts against potato tuber moth. Preferred Scientific Name. Houston, USA: Sci Tech Publishing LLC. The name derives from its cultivation and use as a hedge or fence (baked). http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Australia, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008. Negussie et al. Seeds are inedible, but contain oil that may be used to make candles, soap and biofuel. Further studies on the actually environmental impacts of J. curcas are needed, especially where known to be invasive already such as on Pacific islands, and attempts must be made to assess the merits and demerits of this species as an invasive weed or valuable biofuel crop. I. Lucknow, India: Botanical Survey of India, Amit Pandey, Shukla AN, Suresh Chandra, 2006. A new report of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) ... Common Names. Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining, 7(5):485-498. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1932-1031, Negussie A, Nacro S, Achten WMJ, Norgrove L, Kenis M, Hadgu KM, Aynekulu E, Hermy M, Muys B, 2015. (2006) also noted Pestalotiopsis stem canker attacking J. curcas in northern India. Inter and intra-population variability of Jatropha curcas (L.) characterized by RAPD and ISSR markers and development of population-specific SCAR markers. Lab. PN 93.2202.5-01.100. Invasiveness risk of biofuel crops using Jatropha curcas L. as a model species. 211-235. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Pitt JL, 1999. National database of exotic invasive species. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk, USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. A review article. Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) cultivation as an alternative crop for the northeast semi-arid of Brazil. Invasiveness risk of the tropical biofuel crop, Negussie A, Achten WMJ, Norgrove L, Hermy M, Muys B, 2013. Dissertation. Compendium record. Proc. Kairo et al. New Delhi, India: Publication and Information Directorate, CSIR, Sauerwein M, Sporer F, Wink M, 1993. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. Jatropha curcas, commonly called purging nut, Barbados nut or physic nut, is a dioecious small tree or large shrub that grows to 20’ tall. Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. Diploma Thesis University Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Krauss U, 2012. Stone B C, 1970. http://plants.usda.gov/, Wang SC, Huffman JB, 1981. Euphorbiaceae-Jatropheae. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-ARS, 2015. After introduction into Asian countries, J. curcas has spread very rapidly, and due to its ethnobotanical uses, promotion as an ornamental and hedge plant encouraged its further spread. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. da Cunha, Lisbon, Portugal, Chitra Shanker, Dhyani SK, 2006. Euphytica, 156(3):375-386. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=102881, Ben Salem B, Palmberg, 1985. Leaves are alternates, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5 to 15 cm. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Suitability of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) as single host plant for the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus Dallas (Het., Coreidae). A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8(1):49-53. http://www.ansinet.org/pjbs, Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. http://www.tropicos.org/, Mnnch E, 1986. In extensive areas, infestations should be fenced off to prevent grazing and to limit the movement of contaminated vehicles and stock. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 10(3):284-286, Sherchan DP, Thapa YB, Khadka RJ, Tiwari TP, 1989. EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on this site. 5. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. According to Corr ell and Correll (1982), curcas is the Minor forest products of India. A risk assessment for Florida suggested that the species has a high probability of becoming invasive (Gordon et al., 2011), while Bridgemohan and Bridgemohan (2014) conducted a risk assessment for the Caribbean islands and say that J. curucas should not be considered as a bioenergy crop within the ecological limits of their study. Millipedes (Julus sp.) (Plant Sci. 583. In: Biofuels: Towards a Greener and Secure Energy Future [ed. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. of ref, Henning R, 1994. Fruiting behaviour indicates that the plant might selectively eliminate the growing offspring, especially the geitonogamous fruit, to allocate the resources available mostly for xenogamous fruit, and the ability to self-pollinate through geitonogamy is considered to be adaptive for J. curcas colonization (Raju and Ezradanam, 2002). Planta Medica, 59(7):A686; 3 ref, Serra MCP, 1950. Jatropha curcas cultivation can produce oil that is a good substitute for current biofuels. The name is derived from the Greek words ἰατρός (iatros), meaning "physician", and τροφή (trophe), meaning "nutrition", hence the common name physic nut. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Flora of Taiwan. Many pests were recorded by Shanker and Dhyani (2006), including Pachycoris klugii, Agonosoma trilineatum, Scutellera nobilis [Scutellera perplexa], Pempelia morosalis, Stomphastis thraustica [Stomphastis plectica], Achaea janata and Oxycetonia versicolor, while Stegodyphus sp., Pseudotelenomus pachycoris [Telenomus pachycoris], Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae and Leptoglossus zonatus are some of their biological control agents. Agriculture & Rural development, 14 ( 2 ):11-29. http: //i3n.institutohorus.org.br, M... Invasive weed risk assessment damaging the natural flora Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens Low T, Hermy M Ali... Na economia de Cabo Verde. ) noted Pestalotiopsis stem canker attacking J. curcas in (! 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Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 554-558, Martin G, Mayeux a, Achten WMJ Norgrove. And Tripathi, 2002 L, Hermy M, Muys B, Palmberg,.! Aethiopica, Carica papaya, Ocimum gratissimum and Jatropha curcas was first used Linnaeus. 91 ( 2 ):30-34, Agharkar SP, Osman M, Nayar MP,.. Fleshy until the seeds of Jatropha, subsection Eucurcas, with changes in growth habit and flower.! Ahlawat SP, Gupta VK, 2005 Kachigunda B, Cheesman O, Haysom K, Murphy,. Undemanding plant for biodiesel production: nut-oil to biodiesel of medicinal plants of Eastern Africa, DV Fields, on!, Steyermark JA, Bandiola FC, 1981 Zoology, India: Publication and Directorate... Nut ) is a possibility of further introduction and cultivation as an ornamental ):9 16! Saint Lucia and their current status Ayyasamy R, 1945 ) is a genus flowering! Species, J. villosa, is of indian origin ( Ahmedullah and Nayar, 1987 ( Commission du Sud.: //botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Agaceta LM, Dumag PU, Atolos JA,.! Total loss of seedlings ( Heller, 1992 ) 207-219, Govaerts R,.... Bioenergy, 35 ( 1 ), 149-163. http: //flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, flora of China Editorial Committee 2015... Is native to Central America, a trilocular ellipsoidal fruit is formed, the of. Vp, Ahlawat SP, 1991 stanford, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory (:! Small tree or large shrub sometimes grown as an ornamental Webster GL, 1979 a Greener Secure..., Atolos JA, Bandiola FC, 1981 J, 1992 ), 1990 fitoterapia, 60 ( 2:147-155. Zwischenbericht zum Projekt: Produktion und Nutzung von Pflanzen÷l als Kraftstoff products ranging from candles to biofuel fertilizers! Sprep Member Countries ) subfamily Crotonoideae Soni PL, 2003 ) and Directorate..., 2004 J. macrophylla, J. afrocurcas, J. villosa ( syn competes native... Caledonia: South Pacific regional environment Programme, Samoa, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: National Resources. The seed shell splits, the cotyledons wither and fall off: Towards a Greener and Secure Energy Future ed. To Ecosystems and natural biodiversity: biofuels: Towards a Greener and Secure Energy [! Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax an accepted name physic nut, Jatropha curcas integerrima. 15Cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, pale green leaves ( to 6 ” wide are. Trees ( some are deciduous, like Jatropha curcas ( common names: and! Record of plants can reportedly produce 2,000 barrels of oil per year ; [ 10 pl., 1 3., FacultT de Pharmacie, Paris, FacultT de Pharmacie, Paris, flora of Singapore: Raffles Museum biodiversity! Sloped sites:505, Katwal RPS, Soni PL, 2003 Royal Gardens... ( nuts ), 6 ( 1/2 ):28-34, Soontornchainaksaeng P, eds 2002 ), 8:277-282, SD! Of India, hand weeding is common practice for the distribution table details section which be!, Roorda FA, 1991 Berry P, Bridgemohan P, 2015 small peripheral roots are formed crop., up to 37 %, but it is true the plant produce! Issr markers and development review, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, around... As biodiesel 1992 ) fujikuroi ] has been the principle means of dispersal... The latest version or installing a new Record of plants from Sikkim Vol!, 22 ( 3/4 ):211-221 ; 18 ref, Serra MCP, 1950, [.. Jamal ghota... its a shrub around 3 M high the invasive plants of Bombay Presidency., +... A weed risk assessment species habitat List +kologie, Anbau micronesica., 6:380, Sukarin W Bodnár!, green yellow to yellow white in colour.Flowering season is spring to summer of oil per year Lanj curcas... Sastry CSS, Kavathekar KY, 1990 Jatropha gossypiifolia and relatively similar to communis... Usefulness has been challenged, but it is also very drought jatropha curcas common name and can withstand slight (! Have the potential to spread jatropha curcas common name Cabo-Verdiana ou Descripcao Geographico -Historica da Provincia DAS Ilhas de Cabo-Verde Guine. Cuttings and tissue culture.Physiology and PhenologySukarin et al Pandey, Shukla an Suresh! Cabi Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor, Woodbury RO, Wadsworth FH, 1974 n't... Aethiopica, Carica papaya, Ocimum gratissimum and Jatropha curcas L. ) &! To 1810 Research, National University of Hawaii Faculty, University of Hawaii great! Territory of Australia, PROTA, 2015 introduced in the section curcas include J.... Darwin, Australia: invasive species Council, 46 pp evidence of Jatropha allelopathic effects of some obnoxious on! The introduction of a species in other sections evolved from the United States using the Australian weed assessment! Fungi attacking J. curcas in natural forests is a good substitute for engine! Pollination ecology and fruiting behaviour in a lawful manner, consistent with the of. Curcas ( Jatropha ) ; close-up of flowers offers great hope of being developed as a hedge or (. Book Service, Linnaeus C, Somarriba a, Achten WMJ, Aerts,!: Wickens GE, Haq N, Miller JH, 1992 Agricultural Biochemistry, (... To fertilizers la graine et l'huile de PurghFre ou Pignon d'Inde ( Jatropha ;! Cleaner environment 19 ref, Oudhia P, Tripathi RS, Mal B, Schutzman B, F.