This wall cannot be the same as the one in the Qur'an because it is not built between two mountains. In Holy Texts. In this account, he also reiterates that the wall's destruction will bring about death and destruction of the land when the tribes held behind it are let loose. New International Version of the Bible. In one of the tablets of his many adventures, Gilgamesh travels far to the east, to the mountain passes at the ends of the earth. In 1889, the renowned scholar and philologist, Sir Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge, translated five Alexander stories from Syriac manuscripts into English. Alexander's association with two horns and with the building of the gate against Gog and Magog occurs much earlier than the Quran and persists in the beliefs of all three of these religions Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Later in the chapter, we are told that the horn is broken (a reference to Alexander's death) and four horns appear in its place (a reference to the four rulers that divided up Alexander's kingdom). One of these stories was a legend that detailed the exploits of Alexander, the son of Philip the Macedonian, and how he traveled to the ends of the world, made a gate of iron, and shut behind it the Huns so they might not come forth to spoil the land. New International Version of the Bible. Historical and Archaeological evidence has revealed that the real Alexander was a polytheistic pagan who believed he was the literal son of Greek and Egyptian gods. (2008), Last edited on 13 November 2020, at 02:25, "The History of Alexander the Great, Being the Syriac Version of the Pseudo-Callisthenes, Volume 1", http://books.google.com/books/about/The_History_of_Alexander_the_Great_Being.html?id=_14LmFqhc8QC, http://www.ancienttexts.org/library/mesopotamian/gilgamesh/tab9.htm, "The Antiquities of the Jews: Book I, Ch6, v1", http://www.gutenberg.org/files/2848/2848-h/2848-h.htm#link2HCH0006, "The Wars Of The Jews: Book VII, Ch7, v4", http://www.ccel.org/j/josephus/works/war-7.htm, http://www.amazon.com/Before-Jerusalem-Fell-Dating-Revelation/dp/0930464206/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1385273746&sr=8-1, http://books.google.com/books?id=6FAookts4MUC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_v2_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q=&f=false, "Gog and Magog in Early Eastern Chrisitan and Islamic Sources", http://books.google.com/books?id=PtxOXRlPMA0C, http://tanzil.net/pub/ebooks/History-of-Quran.pdf, http://altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=74&tSoraNo=18&tAyahNo=83&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageID=2, http://books.google.com/books?id=jbVWRp56XxsC, http://books.google.com/books?id=lkYFVJ3U-BIC, "Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age", http://www.amazon.com/Alexander-Great-Hellenistic-Peter-Green/dp/0753824132/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1385374702&sr=8-1, "The Legend of Alexander the Great on Greek and Roman Coins", http://www.amazon.com/Legend-Alexander-Great-Greek-Roman/dp/0415394511/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1385374897&sr=8-1, "Tafsir Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an", http://www.islamicstudies.info/result.php?sura=18&verse=83, "Modern Muslim Koran Interpretation: (1880 - 1960)", http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religious-texts/maududi/introductions/mau-18.php, "The enigma of the red snake: revealing one of the world’s greatest frontier walls", http://www.shca.ed.ac.uk/staff/academic/esauer/pubs/iranian_walls.pdf, http://wikiislam.net/index.php?title=Dhul-Qarnayn_and_the_Alexander_Romance&oldid=125481, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0. After his death, Alexander apparently left instructions in his will for a monumental temple to Athena be built at Troy. However, no justification is ever given as to why only the Bible is considered and not other literature used by Jews and Christians of the 7th century. Tafsir al-Jalalayn, a classical Sunni tafsir of the Qur'an, composed by Jalal ad-Din al-Mahalli in 1459 CE identifies Dhul-Qarnayn as Alexander. The horn is called "the king of Greece" that comes form the west and charges to the east destroying everything in its path; a basic summary of Alexander's conquest of the Persians. The Syriac work also contains no references to the Arabic phrases used in the Qur'anic account, which would be expected if the Syrian story was using that as its source. Martley. That one day Allah's Apostle entered upon her in a state of fear and said, "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah! The Syriac legend then states that Alexander meets with people who live near the mountain pass. In the first few centuries after the founding of Islam, there was little controversy in identifying Dhul-Qarnayn as Alexander. Dhul Qarnayn is referred to in verse of chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave):. The Syriac apocalypse, "De Fine Munid" composed between 640 CE and 683 CE and the "Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius" composed around 692 CE. The Qur'an also says the wall of iron will not be destroyed until the Day of Judgement; unless apologists are willing to admit that this Qur'anic prophecy has failed, then this cannot be the wall described in Surat 18. Cookies help us deliver our services. He refers to these invaders as Huns who live near the gate that was built by Alexander. Muslims, on the other hand, are forced to defend these accounts because the stories found their way into the Qur'an. Fremantle, G. Lewis and W.G. This would have included Christian Arabs of the Ghassanid. Written in the 2nd century, it gives a detailed history of Alexander's military complains and is based on early sources that are now lost.
2020 dhul qarnayn in arabic