610 pp. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 110-113. Spanish: bledo de espina; quelite espinoso. It is a problem weed principally around the Caribbean Sea, the west and south of Africa, around the Bay of Bengal and in East and South-East Asia from Japan to Indonesia. A. spinosus is edible and is best picked as a young plant. IPCN. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. 1), 22-96. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. I am researching on other economic and pharmaceutical importance of this weed. Handbook for weed control in rice. DAISIE, 2015. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Final Technical Report. London, UK: Crown Agents. circumscissus Thell. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. In groundnuts, A. spinosus is usually controlled with soil-applied herbicides (Grichar, 1994). Volume 2. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ed. This plant can be weedy or invasive for a number of crops including beans, coffee, cotton, cowpeas, mangoes, maize,mulberries, oil palms, papayas, pineapples, rice, sorghum, soyabeans, sugarcane, sweet potatoes, tobacco, and vegetables. (Pangnakorn and Poonpaiboonpipattana, 2013). It extends into the temperate zone in Japan and the USA. The genetic variability of A. spinosus is great because of its large area of distribution and its wide ecological adaptation (PROTA, 2015). , 2012. * Exclusive content not on the website Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. In Bangladesh this is known as Kata shak, Kata notey, etc. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. Thank You very much and More Power ! > 0°C, dry winters), Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers, blue babies and some other health problems. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). Or…. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). In Hawaii it was introduced in 1928 (Motooka et al., 2003). Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi. The World's Worst Weeds. Seed - sow late spring in situ. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. Germination is usually rapid and good if the soil is warm[133]. the name Amara means “bitter.” Take your pick. Jørgensen PM; Nee MH; Beck SG, 2015. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. The plant can be used fresh or it can also be harvested when coming into flower and dried for later use[238]. Marchioretto MS, 2014. Cassia tora, Eleusine indica, Portulaca oleracea, Anagallis arvensis, Amaranthus spinosus, Chenopodium album, Cyperus rotundus, Eleocharis palustris, Eichhornia crassipes and Spirodela polyrhiza. Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 991. Zuloaga FO; Morrone O; Belgrano MJ, 2008. Maximum growth is obtained on soils that are high in organic matter, loamy in texture and that have sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). The basic chromosome number is 10 (Sammour et al., 1993). Natural insect enemies includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. 818 pp. of this weed . Genetics November 2006. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. a valued food plant in Africa. A. spinosus is superficially similar to other weedy species of Amaranthus, but is the only species with auxillary spines. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. Peradeniya, Sri Lanka: Asian Pacific Weed Science Society, 595-596. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. of ref. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. (Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Vol. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Utricles ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The root is known as an effective diuretic. DAISIE, 2015. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry. ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Binomial name of the plant is Amaranthus spinosus.It belongs to the plant family Amaranthaceae.The plant was initially native to the tropical Americas, but later introduced all around … Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Distribution and Biology. This species is self-compatible and flowers are pollinated by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). Extension Bulletin - Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.497:14 pp. November 2006. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. A. spinosus is attacked by a number of natural enemies. Amaranthus spinosus common name is spiny amaranth and it is belong to amaranthaceae family. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. Poison Plants Committee of New South Wales. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. [ed. Seeds are easily disturbed by wind, water, and animals. April 2012. Field evaluation of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The leaves grow from 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in length. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Scientific Name: Amaranthus spinosus Root Word: amarantos = unfading, spinosus = spiny Common Name: Spiny Amaranth, Pigweed Vernacular: Kulites Similar Species: Amaranthus viridis L Origin: probably native to tropical America Weed Category: Broadleaves Note scale. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1991. 55, 584 pp. Grichar WJ, 1994. 6 (Special Issue No. vi + 236 pp. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay) ([English title not available])., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 3348 pp. Collingwood, Vic. Catalogue of introduced and cultivated plants in New Caledonia. Farmland Weeds in China., Agricultural Publishing House. Global_description: Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. Jørgensen P M, León-Yánez S, 1999. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. However, the spines may cause injury to the mouths of grazing animals and cases of poisoning in cattle have also been reported. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas; an identification and management guide. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. ), which attack some commercial crops. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. thanks!!! Lorenzi H, 1982. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Lorenzi HJ; Jeffery LS(Editors), 1987. Leaves: petiole ± equaling or longer than blade; blade rhombic-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 3-10(-15) × 1.5-6 cm, base broadly cuneate, margins entire, plane or slightly undulate, apex acute or subobtuse. Wang Z; Xin M; Ma D, 1990. ttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amaranthus.spinosus1web.jpg. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. It will grow both in wet or dry sites, but grows best when soil moisture levels are below field capacity. It should also be noted that repeated herbicide use has resulted in the development of resistant strains in some species of Amaranthus (Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987), and the same could occur in A. spinosus. A. spinosus often grows as a weed in crops, pastures, orchards, disturbed ground, along roadsides, and in secondary forests (Waterhouse, 1994). The poisoning was diagnosed as being caused by nitrate, and A. spinosus showed high nitrate levels. Waterlogging retards its growth. (Cycadaceae a Connaraceae). 506 pp. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. A. viridis hybridizes with A. blitum (Coons, 1981). If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. spinosus is a monoecious herb and produces male and female flowers on the same plant. Pyxidium viride (L.) … Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer J-Y, 2013. Part 1. Nowadays it is rarely cultivated and grows principally as a weed in crops, pastures and orchards. Called the 'C4 carbon-fixation pathway', this process is particularly efficient at high temperatures, in bright sunlight and under dry conditions[196]. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Plants glabrous or sparsely pubescent in the distal younger parts of stems and branches. A drop in temperature overnight aids germination[133]. We will not sell or share your email address. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Lazarides M; Cowley K; Hohnen P, 1997. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Waterhouse DF, 1993. The dried leaves contain (per 100g) 267 - 276 calories, 20 - 34.4% protein, 2 - 4.5% fat, 45 - 54% carbohydrate, 9.8 - 10.4% fibre, 16.6 - 24% ash, 1795 - 5333mg calcium, 333 - 460mg phosphorus, 13.5 - 152.7mg iron, 13 - 37mg sodium, 337 - 3528mg potassium, 27.9 - 40.8mg betacarotene equivalent, 0.06mg thiamine, 2.02mg riboflavin, 7.7 - 8.6mg niacin and 503mg ascorbic acid[218]. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue. Burr, Needle; Needle Burr; Spiny Amaranth; Spiny Pigweed. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Right plant wrong place. With minor exceptions its range extends from latitude 30°N to 30°S (Holm et al., 1991). Type: Habitat in Indiis. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. Plants should not be given inorganic fertilizers, see notes above on toxicity. Julien MH, 1992. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing characteristic spiny stems. Common name: Prickly Amaranth, Edlebur, Needle burr, Spiny amaranth, ... Botanical name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family) Prickly Amaranth is an annual herb with sometimes red tinged erect stems, sometimes ascending, 30-150 cm long, usually branched. You will receive a range of benefits including: Waihee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. PIER, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Thanks a lot. Part 1. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The world's worst weeds. Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. 1192 pp. Weed * Stem. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai This QR Code is unique to this page. In Cuba, it appears in herbarium collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud (US National Herbarium). Our Group want to conduct an experiment regarding the effect of New York, USA; Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., 355 pp. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. This species is a cosmopolitan weed and a prolific seed producer: up to 235, 000 seeds per plant have been recorded. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Amaranthus L. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. In India, the bud weevil Ceutorhynchus asperulus, a pest of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), has been found feeding on A. spinosus (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., https://nadeaud.ilm.pf/. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR Monograph No 26. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies.
2020 amaranthus spinosus common name